2.b Female anatomy

Female reproductive system

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Ovary:  there are two ovaries and this is the place where thousands of eggs needed to make a baby are stored. Female bodies are born with all their eggs already inside their ovaries.

Fallopian tube: this is the part that provides a path for the egg to travel to get to the uterus. It is where an egg could be fertilised by a sperm.

Uterus: this is a the place where a baby grows and develops when a person is pregnant. It is shaped like an upside down pair and is about the size or a person’s fist. It is made of muscle and this strong muscle helps to push the baby out through to the vagina when a baby is born.

Cervix: this is the lower part of the uterus and it gradually stretches during labour so the baby can move through to the vagina to be born

Vagina: this is the stretchy passage where most babies are born through. It’s also the place that period blood leaves the body. 

Vulva: this is the proper name for the outside of the female reproductive parts. People often call it the vagina. This isn’t correct. The vagina is inside the body and the vaginal opening is inside the body. 

Clitoris: this small fleshy bump at the top of the vulva is actually only a very small part of this organ which is much bigger inside the body. You can see a small part of it in the vulva which is a small bump of flesh –about the size of a pea for some (but it can be bigger or smaller). It has lots of nerve endings and is very sensitive.

Urethra: this is the tube leading from the bladder for urine to leave the body (the bladder sits in front of the uterus in a woman’s body).

Vagina: this is the stretchy passage where most babies are born through. It’s also the place that period blood leaves the body. 

Anus: This is NOT part of the vulva but it’s in the diagram so you understand where the vulva is in relation to other body parts. Both males and female bodies have an anus and it’s the opening where poo or faeces leaves the body.